List of tools used in gardening

It might surprise you how many tools are available to gardeners, but by no means would you need to buy them all. Most people would survive with only a few of these but here is a more comprehensive list of tools used in gardening.

A lot of people will tell you to purchase as cheap as possible, use it until it breaks and then replace it with something of better quality. I would say that this is a good idea, however some tools you just know will be bad straight away. Spend a little more on secateurs and loppers, things with moving parts. Be sensible and look at what you’re buying, if it looks bad new, it’s not going to be good in the garden.

Power Tools for the Lawn:

Lawn mower – different lawn mower types include petrol 2 stroke and 4 stroke, electric, ride on, push/manual. Some features are automatic drive, electric ignition, side discharge and mulching.

Line trimmer – available in petrol, electric corded and cordless. These are used for cutting grass or weeds in areas a lawn mower can’t reach. They use a monofilament line to do the cutting.

Brush cutter – these usually come in petrol versions. They use heavy duty blades to cut through thick weeds and branches.

Brush cutter

Garden edgers – petrol, electric corded,cordless and manual. Great for cutting clean lines around turf, they give a professional look to your lawn.

Powered Blowers and Vacuums:

Leaf blower – Available in petrol, electric corded and cordless. These are great for blowing lawn clippings, debris or leaves. You will still need to use a broom to clean it up.

Blower vac – Available in petrol, electric corded and cordless. Best of both worlds with blower and vacuum functions. Different attachments are available, even ones for vacuuming gutters out.

Powered Cutters and Trimmers:

Hedge trimmer – variations include electric corded and cordless. These are used for cleaning up hedges as the name suggests. There are smaller shears for shaping and larger models for large hedges. Some brands offer pole hedgers for hard to reach hedging.

Digging Tools

  • Shovels – good for scooping and shifting loose soil, sand or cement. If you’re not sure on the difference between a spade and shovel, read this.
  • Spades –  used for digging into hard dirt or turf by using bodyweight.
  • Forks – garden forks, mulch forks, hay forks
  • Mattocks – used for digging and chopping its a great hand planting tool, variations pick, hoe, axe, dual mattock.
  • Picks – good for breaking up hard ground and digging in stones.
  • Garden hoes – are used to shape soil, can be used to clear weeds or pull up some root veggies.
  • Fencing crowbar – a jack of all trades, used for digging or loosening soil. 
  • Augers – cut circular holes cleanly, good for fence post holes.
  • Weed pullers – work by using steel claws to penetrate the soil and pull out the weed, bonus of saving your back and knees.

Shears, pruning and saws

  • Bow saw – these have razor sharp teeth and make short work of tree branches. Most will have a replaceable blade. The size and shape can be annoying in tight spaces.
  • Secateurs – also known as hand pruners or pruning shears. Used to snip smaller branches in tight spaces. You get what you pay for with secateurs, so invest a little more.
  • Floral snips – used for light trimming jobs like small topiary jobs or vines
  • Loppers – used for cutting branches usually up to 30mm. If you have slightly weaker arms then some brands offer a geared solution that multiplies your strength.
  • Tree pruners – used for hard to reach branches, which is a lot safer than standing on a ladder. Some may have a pruning saw attachment and a lopper in one.
  • Pruning saw – electric or hand pruning saws are available. Again these are incredibly sharp and make light work on branches too thick for a lopper or in tight spaces.
  • Hedge shears – used for cleaning up bushes or hedges and provides more precision than a powered hedger.
  • Grass shears – you can use these for topiary or if you’re fussy, cleaning up the lawn

Chopping wood

  • Axes – splitting or chopping axe, versatile for any wood cutting requirements. I like the ones with hooked ends so the axe cant slip out of your hands.
  • Hatchets – used for cutting thinner wood, can be used on thin roots
  • Block splitters – used for splitting logs for firewood

Rakes and soil levelers:

  • Landscape rakes – are heavy duty metal and are for raking soil or stone. 
  • Leaf rakes – as the name suggests are for raking up leaves and usually made of plastic.
  • Soil spreader – used for levelling soil, for example top soil in preparation for paving or turf.

Turf conditioning

Cultivators – available in hand and powered models. They are used for preparing and turning soil for planting in flower gardens or veggie patches. 

Turf roller – often used to push lawn seed into top soil or levelling ruff patches in established turf.

Turf roller

Lawn aerator – lawn aerators are used when the soil under the grass has become compacted. They remove plugs of soil or if using spikes dig into the soil. This allows fertiliser and water and air to reach the grass roots, therefore promoting healthier turf.

Lawn aerator

So there you have it a complete list of tools used in gardening. Just remember you don’t need to buy them all at once!

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